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The Sea
       
             
             
   
Peru has the greatest bio-diversity in the world, thanks to the presence of the Andes, Amazon and Pacific. There are 53 protected natural areas throughout the country. There are over 1,800 species of birds (120 endemic to Peru), hundreds of mammals including rare cats like jaguar and pumas, bears, and river dolphins; the coast is rich in marine life and a great place to see sea-lions and myriad seabirds.
       
             
   
       
             
   
The Peruvian Sea area is called to that 200 miles (370km) of territorial sea that runs parallel to the coast. Here, the Pacific Ocean spreads a wealth of marine life, produced specially by the effect of the cold water, about 250 miles wide, that encounters with the warm water of the. This phenomenon allows the presence of , a microorganism (food for fishes) that has made this sea the richest of the world. The plankton is the basic organic food for marine life in the rich fishing grounds of territorial waters.

The Humboldt current generates a prolific chain of fish, mollusks, crustaceans and guano birds. The latter was Peru's greatest wealth in the last century, since the birds formed mountains of natural manure (guano) which was highly prized. Among the majority species are sardines, horse mackerel, and hake, used mainly for making fish oil and fishmeal, where Peru holds first place.
       
             
   
The greatest biological diversity
       
             
           
             
   
The Peruvian sea, -called the Sea of Grau, in honor of , the hero in the Pacific War-, with 300 kilometers of tropical beaches and a coast some 2,300 kilometers long, going about 200 miles out to sea, is the third fishing producer in the world and the one with the greatest biological diversity on the planet. It is host to more than thirty species of mammals, 700 species of fish and a 17 million mettons of biomass.
       
             
   
The Pacific holds a bounty of of sea bass, flounder, anchovies, tuna, crustacean and shellfish. It has also sharks, sperm whales and whales. Birds have an economic importance because of the concentrations of guano deposits that are used as fertilizer.
       
             
   
Venture into the Southern region and visit the most important wildlife sanctuary in the coast of Peru, the home to condors, flamingos and the Humboldt penguin among the 215 species of birds found in this unique desert paradise. Navigate the waters of the Pacific Ocean for a visit to famous for its bird and sea lion colonies. Visit the regional museums housing mummies,

world celebrated textiles and elaborate designed ceramics from the pre-Inca Paracas (1300 BC to 200 AD) and Nazca (200 AD to 700 AD) cultures. Fly over the enigmatic legendary for its enormous figures and lines drawn into the desert floor.
       
             
   
       
   
       
   
       
             
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