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The it is a beautiful window to learn from his past and discover his present. The first photographers began capturing the social and geographic landscapes, surrendered by the magic and perennial contrast among his people and his ecology.
In 1842, two years after the discovery of the daguerreotype, the Italian photographer opened his studio in the Mantas Street to serve the urban population in Lima. Later on, other foreigners arrived, like the American photographer Benjamin F. Pease, who opened an art gallery in 1852 opened also his studio in 1856.
The photographic testimony has been present during the most dramatic historic periods of Peru. When the War of the Pacific erupted (1879), anonymous photographers captured the pain and the hopelessness of the Peruvian troops, accompanying them at the verge of the sacrifice and giving testimony of the destruction and acts of heroism in the battlefields.
Foto: Chambi Vaqueros
Leyenda: Vaqueros de Chumvibilcas, Cusco 1940
Martín Chambi
At the beginning of the 20th Century, the Peruvian photography is a vibrant portrait of the social structures and the racial tensions among groups and people. The indigenous population appear with his rituals and ceremonies, the urban upper class is captured by the lenses of some European photographers like and others.
    The first Peruvian photographer whose plates and film showed themselves to be a rich vein of discovery, regional history and artistic value was Martin Chambi.        
He made his living by taking portraits of the middle and upper class in Cusco in the 1920s and 30s. He also recorded the working class and campesinos. His glass plates were restored in late 1980s and have been drawing attention ever since then
In the last decades, since 1970, there is an intensive work performed by a group of excellent photographers that have gained international recognition.
Foto: Chambi Gigante
Leyenda: Dos Gigantes Cuzqueños, 1917
Martín Chambi
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