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Peru is part of these group of twelve countries called "megadiverse", because all of them contain between 60-70% of all the biological diversity of our planet. And that is a good reason to travel and discover the secrets of nature hidden in the vast and plentiful rainforest, the freezy but beautiful Andean highlands, the dry but fertile coast belt; and the richest sea of the world, the Peruvian Sea region.
Some travellers and naturalists have created the statement that a trip from the shore of the Peruvian sea to the highlands and then to the rainforest is similar to a journey from the equatorial line to the poles, going by all the natural regions of the Earth. This is completely true, because Peru has 84 of 104 zones of life available in our planet (Holdridge) and 28 kinds of climate from a total of 32 (Thornwaite) in the Earth !
This explosion of life is protected in Peru by a system of more than 40 national parks and reserves that covers almost the 10% of the country's area. A great number of species of flora and fauna are found here, including some which are in extinction danger. Mammals, birds, reptils, fishes and insects live in varied ecosystems with different weather conditions. For example, Peru is considered the most diverse country for birds with more than 1700 species only in the Amazon area. This country also owns the record of having the third greatest mammal diversity and the fifth greatest plant diversity in the world. As it is known, a great part of the raw material for medicine is taken from the Peruvian tropical forests. There are thousands of plant species that remain unknown until today, but in the future they will be the cure for today illnesses.
The coast of Peru features deserts, beautiful beaches and fertile valleys. The Peruvian coastline is formed by a long snaking desert hemmed in between the sea and the mountains. The Andes to the east and the cold Humboldt Current that runs along the coast are what make this area so arid. From the Sechura desert to the Nazca plains and the Atacama Desert, the dry coastal terrain is occasionally split by valleys covered by a thick layer of cloud and drizzle in the winter.

    We encourage you to visit this land, feel the enchantment of nature and preserve one of the last enclosures of wildlife in our world.        
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